ASTM A217: Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Martensitic Stainless and Alloy

1.Scope*

1.1 ASTM A217/A217M specification covers martensitic stainless steel and alloy steel castings for valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts (Note 1) intended primarily for high-temperature and corrosive service (Note 2).

Composition Requirements

Element,%

Grade UNS Number Type
WC1 J12524 C-Mo WC4 J12082 Ni-Cr-Mo WC5 J22000 Ni-Cr-Mo WC6 J12072 Cr-Mo WC9 J21890 Cr-Mo WC11 J11872 Cr-Mo C5 J42045 Cr-Mo C12 J82090 Cr-Mo C12A J84090 Cr-Mo-V CA15 J91150 Cr
Carbon 0.25 0.05-0.20 0.05-0.20 0.05-0.20 0.05-0.18 0.05-0.21 0.20 0.20 0.08-0.12 0.15
Manganese 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.40-0.70 0.50-0.80 0.40-0.70 0.50-0.80 0.40-0.70 0.35-0.65 0.30-0.60 1.00
Phosphorus 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.035 0.035 0.020 0.04 0.035 0.025 0.040
Sulfur 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.035 0.035 0.015 0.045 0.035 0.010 0.025
Silicon 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.30-0.60 0.75 1.00 0.20-0.50 1.50
Nickel ... 0.70-1.10 0.60-1.00 ... ... ... ... ... 0.40 1.00
Chromium ... 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.90 1.0-1.50 2.00-2.75 1.00-1.50 4.00-6.50 8.00-10.00 8.0-9.5 11.5-14.0
Molybdenum 0.45-0.65 0.45-0.65 0.90-1.20 0.45-0.65 0.90-1.20 0.45-0.65 0.45-0.65 0.90-1.20 0.85-1.05 0.50
Columbium ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.03 0.060-0.10 ...
Nitrogen ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.030-0.070 ...
Vanadium ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.06 0.18-0.25 ...
Specified Residual Elements
Aluminum ... ... ... ... ... 0.01 ... ... 0.02 ...
Copper 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.35 0.50 0.50 ... ...
Nickel 0.50 ... ... 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 ... ...
Chromium 0.35 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Titanium ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.01 ...
Tungsten 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 ... 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Vanadium ... ... ... ... ... 0.03 ... ... ... ...
Zirconium ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.01 ...
Total Content of Residual Elements 1.0 0.60 0.60 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 ... ...

Note A Where ellipses (...) appear in this table, there is no requirement, and the element need not be analyzed for or reported.
Note B All values are maximums unless a range is provided.
Note C For lower maximum phosphorus or sulfur contents, see Supplementary Requirement S52.

Tensile Requirements

Grade Tensile Strength, ksi [MPa] Yield Strength, ksi [MPa] B Elonga- tion in 2 in. [50 mm], % Reduc- tion of Area, %
WC1 65–90 [450–620] 35 [240] 24 35
WC4, WC5, WC6, WC9 70–95 [485–655] 40 [275] 20 35
WC11 80–105 [550–725] 50 [345] 18 45
C5, C12 90–115 [620–795] 60 [415] 18 35
C12A 85–110 [585–760] 60 [415] 18 45
CA15 90–115 [620–795] 65 [450] 18 30

Note A All values are minimums unless a range is provided.
Note B Determine by either 0.2 % offset method or 0.5 % extension-under-load method.
Note C When ICI test bars are used in tensile testing as provided for in Specification A703/A703M, the gage length to reduced section diameter ratio shall be 4 to 1

1.2 One grade of martensitic stainless steel and nine grades of ferritic alloy steel are covered. Selection will depend on design and service conditions, mechanical properties, and the high-temperature and corrosion-resistant characteristics (Note3).

NOTE 1—Carbon steel castings for pressure-containing parts are covered by Specification A216/A216M. Low alloy quench-and-tempered grades equivalent to Specification A217/A217M grades may be found in both Specifications A352/A352M and A487/A487M.

NOTE 2—The grades covered by this specification represent materials that are generally suitable for assembly with other castings or wrought steel parts by fusion welding. It is not intended to imply that these grades possess equal degrees of weldability; therefore, it is the responsibility of the purchaser to establish for himself a suitable welding technique. Since these grades possess varying degrees of suitability for high-temperature and corrosion-resistant service, it is also the responsibility of the purchaser to determine which grade shall be furnished, due consideration being given to the requirements of the applicable construction codes.

NOTE 3—The committee formulating this specification has included nine grades of materials that are considered to represent basic types of ferritic alloy steels suitable for valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts. Additional alloy steels that may better fulfill certain types of service will be considered for inclusion in this specification by the committee as the need becomes apparent.

1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

3. General Conditions for Delivery

3.1 Except for investment castings, castings furnished to this specification shall conform to the requirements of Specification A703/A703M, including any supplementary requirements that are indicated in the purchase order. Failure to comply with the general requirements of Specification A703/A703M constitutes non-conformance with this specification. In case of conflict between the requirements of this specification and Specification A703/A703M, this specification shall prevail.

3.2 Steel investment castings furnished to this specification shall conform to the requirements of Specification A985/A985M, including any supplementary requirements that are indicated in the purchase order. Failure to comply with the general requirements of Specification A985/A985M constitutes non-conformance with this specification. In case of conflict between the requirements of this specification and Specification A985/A985M, Specification A985/A985M shall prevail.

5. Heat Treatment

5.1 All castings shall receive a heat treatment proper to their design and chemical composition.

5.2 Castings shall be furnished in the normalized and tempered conditions; Grades WC1, WC4, WC5, WC6, and CA15 shall be tempered at 1100 °F [595 °C] min; Grades WC9, C5, C12, and WC11 shall be tempered at 1250 °F [675 °C] min; Grade C12A shall be thermally treated, either by normalizing and tempering or by accelerated cooling from the austenitizing temperature by air blasting or liquid quenching, followed by tempering. C12A castings shall be austenitized at 1900 to 1975 °F [1040 to 1080 °C] and tempered at 1350 to 1470 °F [730 to 800 °C].

5.3 Heat treatment shall be performed after castings have been allowed to cool below the transformation range.


6. Chemical Composition

6.1 The steel shall be in accordance with the requirements as to chemical composition prescribed in Table 1 (Note 4).

7. Mechanical Properties


7.1 Steel used for the castings shall conform to the requirements as to tensile properties given in Table 2.
7.2 C12A castings shall be hardness tested in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S13, and shall have a Brinell
hardness of 185-248 HBW. 

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